Vincent van Gogh
The Dutch artist Vincent van Gogh was a great painter during the 19th century. He was famous for his still lifes and landscapes and made history by bringing the pointillism technique to the forefront of art. Born in 1853, he died in 1890 in a field after painting a canvas. The painter is now thought of as one of the greatest of all time even though he was relatively unknown whilst alive.
Born in Paris in 1848, Paul Gauguin is probably one of the most exotic French painters. He lived in French Polynesia where he died and was one of the greatest painters of the Pont-Aven School. He was inspired by Impressionism and Japanese prints and you can now find his works in the famous Musée d’Orsay in Paris. He died in 1903.
Monet is most famous for his “Impression, Sunrise” piece and was part of the Impressionist movement in the 19th century. He was arguably the first of the impressionist painters.
He was born in Paris in 1840 and died in 1926 in Giverny. Claude Monet cut his teeth as an artist in Paris. He studied in the Académie Suisse in Paris. Throughout his career, Monet rubbed shoulders with the famous artists of the time including Pissarro and Eugène Boudin.
Manet’s famous painting “Le déjeuner sur l’herbe” (Luncheon on the Grass) is rather well known now. While his father wanted him to study law, Édouard Manet refused and instead learnt to paint from Thomas Couture. He helped lead the impressionist painting movement with the subjects he decided to paint: portraits, landscapes, still lifes, and Parisian life.
He often hung out with intellectuals such as Charles Baudelaire and Émile Zola but was also regularly criticised by his contemporaries. His works are now an important chapter in the history of art and painting.
Paul Cézanne (1839-1906) is widely considered as the father of modern painting although he started his career as a banker. He’d find his way into the world of art when he unveiled his talents in Paris. He’s famous for the landscapes of Aix-en-Provence in the south of France where he grew up.
Pierre-Auguste Renoir (1841-1919), became a famous painter towards the end of the 19th century. While he started out in the Impressionist movement, he started moving towards Realism. With nudes, portraits, landscapes, still lifes, etc., Renoir is an accomplished artist who never seemed to stop. He even attached brushes to his wrists when suffering from paralysing rheumatism in later life to ensure that he wouldn’t have to stop.
Picasso is a complete artist who was born in Malaga, Spain, in 1881 and died in Mougins, France. He was a painter, sculptor, engraver, and ceramist who’s known for helping spark the surrealist movement. After studying art at the School of Fine Arts in Barcelona, he moved to Paris at the age of 23. It was in the French capital with the help of George Braque where he’d invent Cubism, which he was probably more famous for.
Edgar Degas (1834-1917) first studied law to please his father but would end up falling in love with painting. He learnt by copying the great works from the Louvre.
He’s quite the complex artists and art historians are still arguing whether or not he’s an impressionist artist. Degas was quite avant-garde and doesn’t tick all the boxes. His paintings are famous for including movement and dancing.
Leonardo da Vinci
A famous Renaissance painter, Leonardo da Vinci (1452-1519) is famous all over the world for his works and especially his most famous painting, The Mona Lisa. A true scientist, da Vinci studied everything from the environment to the human body in order to be as accurate as possible. In addition to being a great painter, Leonardo da Vinci was also an engineer, botanist, inventor, writer, sculptor, architect, urbanist, musician, poet, and philosopher.
Rembrandt Harmenszoon van Rijn (1606-1669) was a Dutch Baroque painter. He was a Dutch School painter in the 17th century and later a Dutch Golden Age painter and also famous for his self-portraits. He was inspired particularly by the chiaroscuro painting techniques of Caravaggio and applied this contrast technique to his own works.